A MIAMI BEACH COMMUNITY PROJECT
THE MIAMI BEACH ERUV
Rabbi Weberman, the founder and Rav Hamachshir volunteers his services and rides an ATV weekly as he checks the status of the Eruv from the beachfront side. Rabbi Shalom Blank and Rabbi Manish Spitz are salaried inspectors of the remainder of the eruv.
One of the divisions of labor prohibited on Shabbos is “Carrying from one domain to another” (see Talmud Shabbos 73A-96B based upon Shmos 16:29 and Eruvin 17B based upon Shmos 36:6). This refers to transporting from an enclosed area to an open area (see Talmud Shabbos 6A). Shlomo Hamelech’s legislation instituted further that even within an enclosed area it is prohibited to transport from one private residence to another private residence or to a commonly shared residential area(see Talmud Shabbos 15b and Eruvin 21B). Two factors Must come into play to allow carrying outsides one’s enclosed private residence:
1.To enclose those areas
2.To Consider those who reside there as one family. Horizontal walls of a minimum height of ten handbreaths make up an enclosure. There exists complex rules concerning gaps larger than ten cubits. These gaps can be filled by poles connected from above with strings.
Bread sufficient of two meals by the residents in the enclosure renders it as occupied by one large family. Two pounds of matzah are set aside for this purpose in one of the area synagogues. This applies for those Jewish families who are Shabbos observers, שכירת רשות is required. A 99 year lease is negotiated with municipal and county authorities for this purpose. Of course, there are restrictions against moving objects that are Muktzah and to carry an umbrella even within the Eruv. It is also ruled not to drive a bicycle even within the Eruv. The Eruv is inspected every Friday and Erev Yom Kippur. Our Eruv is ten miles long and three miles wide.